Papillon Breed Standard
The Papillon is a small, friendly, elegant toy dog of fine-boned structure, light,
dainty and of lively action; distinguished from other breeds by its beautiful
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size - Height at withers, 8 to 11 inches. Fault
- Over 11 inches. Disqualification - Over 12 inches. Proportion
- Body must be slightly longer than the height at withers. It is not a cobby
dog. Weight is in proportion to height. Substance - Of fine-boned
Eyes dark, round, not bulging, of medium size and alert
in expression. The inner corners of the eyes are on line with the
stop. Eye rims black. Ears - The ears of either the erect
or drop type should be large with rounded tips, and set on the sides and
toward the back of the head. (1) Ears of the erect type are carried obliquely
and move like the spread wings of a butterfly. When alert, each ear forms
an angle of approximately 45 degrees to the head. The leather should be
of sufficient strength to maintain the erect position. (2) Ears of the drop
type, known as the Phalene, are similar to the erect type, but are carried
drooping and must be completely down. Faults - Ears small, pointed,
set too high; one ear up, or ears partly down. Skull - The head is small. The skull is of medium width and
slightly rounded between the ears. A well-defined stop is formed where the
muzzle joins the skull. Muzzle - The muzzle is fine, abruptly
thinner than the head, tapering to the nose. The length of the muzzle from
the tip of the nose to stop is approximately one-third the length of the
head from tip of nose to occiput. Nose black, small, rounded
and slightly flat on top. The following fault shall be severely penalized
- Nose not black. Lips tight, thin and black. Tongue must
not be visible when jaws are closed. Bite - Teeth must meet
in a scissors bite. Faults - Overshot or undershot.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck of medium length. Topline - The backline
is straight and level. Body - The chest is of medium depth
with ribs well sprung. The belly is tucked up. Tail
long, set high and carried well arched over the body. The tail is covered
with a long, flowing plume. The plume may hang to either side of the body.
Faults - Low-set tail; one not arched over the back, or too short.
Shoulders well developed and laid back to allow freedom of movement. Forelegs
slender, fine-boned and must be straight. Removal of dewclaws on forelegs optional.
Front feet thin and elongated (hare-like), pointing neither in nor out.
Well developed and well angulated. The hind legs are slender, fine-boned, and
parallel when viewed from behind. Hocks inclined neither in nor out. Dewclaws,
if any, must be removed from hind legs. Hind feet thin and elongated (hare-like),
pointing neither in nor out.
Abundant, long, fine, silky, flowing, straight with resilient quality, flat on
back and sides of body. A profuse frill on chest. There is no undercoat. Hair
short and close on skull, muzzle, front of forelegs, and from hind feet to hocks.
Ears well fringed, with the inside covered with silken hair of medium length.
Backs of the forelegs are covered with feathers diminishing to the pasterns. Hind
legs are covered to the hocks with abundant breeches (culottes). Tail is covered
with a long, flowing plume. Hair on feet is short, but fine tufts may appear over
toes and grow beyond them, forming a point.
Always parti-color or white with patches of any color(s). On the head, color(s)
other than white must cover both ears, back and front, and extend without
interruption from the ears over both eyes. A clearly defined white blaze
and noseband are preferred to a solidly marked head. Symmetry of facial
markings is desirable. The size, shape, placement, and presence or absence
of patches of color on the body are without importance. Among the colors
there is no preference, provided nose, eye rims and lips are well pigmented
The following faults shall be severely penalized - Color other
than white not covering both ears, back and front, or not extending from
the ears over both eyes. A slight extension of the white collar onto the
base of the ears, or a few white hairs interspersed among the color, shall
not be penalized, provided the butterfly appearance is not sacrificed. Disqualifications
- An all white dog or a dog with no white.
Free, quick, easy, graceful, not paddlefooted, or stiff in hip movements.
Happy, alert and friendly. Neither shy nor aggressive.
Height over 12 inches.
An all white dog or a dog with no white.
Approved June 10, 1991
Effective July 31, 1991